Widespread damage was caused across Manabi province, with structures hundreds of kilometres from the epicenter collapsing. The English public was so eager to read about the quake that a few months later, Abraham Fleming was able to publish a collection of reports of the Easter Earthquake, including those written by Thomas Churchyard, Richard Tarlton (described as the writing clown of Shakespeare’s day), Francis Schackleton, Arthur Golding, Thomas Twine, John Philippes, Robert Gittins, and John Grafton, as well as Fleming’s own account. The 1580 earthquake was a magnitude of 5.5 to 6 on the Richter Scale and caused “extensive damage in London”, even though its epicentre was in the Dover Straits… Interest in earthquakes, and publications on the subject, tended to be linked to the occurrence of particular events. Therefore, PGA is often split into the horizontal and vertical components. ; 6 July – new building banned within three miles of the City of London. On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake hit the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, at 1:51:04 p.m. EDT. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. And a praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath and indignation. PGA is an important parameter for earthquake engineering, The design basis earthquake ground motion (DBEGM) is often defined in terms of PGA. [5][6] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. The geological evidence suggests that post-Quaternary movement has taken place possibly along a fault of Variscan trend in the area of the Dover Straits, the epicentral area of the 1580 quake, and the two phenomena are probably related. The earthquake of April 1580 seems to have been the largest in the recorded history of seismic activity in England. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 or higher occur about every eight years, the, (pp. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Its epicentre was in the Dover Straits, and the damage it inflicted stretched from London to France and Flanders. Events. Stones fell from buildings in Arras, Douai, Béthune and Rouen. google_ad_height = 600; [4] Peasants in the fields reported a low rumble and saw the ground roll in waves. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1 Shaking was reported throughout the Southern, Midwestern, and Northeastern United States. This area, south of the McMahon Line and now known as Arunachal Pradesh, is today disputed between China and India. Username or Email: Password: signup now | forgot password? Such maps help to identify earthquake epicenters, particularly where no instrumental records exist, such as for historical earthquakes. Giant waves were reported at the time and hundreds of people were killed when ships were sunk by the waves and the low-lying coastal … A record of the entry may be seen at Wikipedia:Recent additions/2006/June. Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. In London, half a dozen chimney stacks and a pinnacle on Westminster Abbey came down; two children were killed by stones falling from the roof of Christ's Church Hospital. At Dover itself, a piece of the cliffs fell, and so did part of the castle wall. In his 2007 biography of Richard Hakluyt, historian Peter C. Mancall provides extensive extracts from Churchyard's 8 April 1580 pamphlet, A Warning to the Wyse, a Feare to the Fond, a Bridle to the Lewde, and a Glasse to the Good; written of the late Earthquake chanced in London and other places, the 6th of April, 1580, for the Glory of God and benefit of men, that warely can walk, and wisely judge. The earthquake was felt from Santiago, 1,245 km south from the epicenter, to La Paz, about 700 km north-northeast. Elenco studi Data sources. Historical Events for the Year 1580. Earthquake shaking generally occurs in all three directions. Such a quake is long overdue after the last one occurred on April 6 1580, said seismologist Dr Roger Musson. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. [8] There was damage far inland, in Cambridgeshire; stones fell from the Ely Cathedral. Damage to the rest of the town though was surprisingly light. Giant waves were reported at the time and hundreds of people were killed when ships were sunk by the waves and the low-lying coastal land around Calais was inundated by the sea. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.0 Mw earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST. According to most reports, only two people died: Thomas Gray, an apprentice shoemaker, and his fellow servant Mabel Everite. been exacerbated by local site conditions. The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. Homepage. It occurred at around 6 o'clock in the evening. 06/04/1580: ORIGIN TIME: 18:00:00 UTC: LOCATION: 51.060 1.600: DEPTH: 22.0 km: MAGNITUDE: 5.8 ML: LOCALITY: DOVER STRAITS: Maps. [4] The Channel Tunnel was therefore designed to withstand those tremors. In Flanders chimneys fell and cracks opened in the walls of Ghent and Oudenarde. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. The British Geological Survey estimates the magnitude to be 5.7–5.8 ML. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake; Advertizing All translations of Dover_Straits_earthquake_of_1580. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, [2] the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Elenco terremoti Earthquakes [] () Musson R.M.W., 2008. Excessive Violence The 1580 earthquake was a magnitude of 5.5 to 6 on the Richter Scale and caused 'extensive damage in London', even though its epicentre was in the Dover Straits, Dr Musson told the British Science Festival. A study undertaken during the design of the Channel Tunnel estimated the magnitude of the 1580 quake at 5.3–5.9ML and its focal depth at 20–30 km, in the lower crust. The epicentre of this seismic event, the magnitude of which is estimated to have been about 6.0, has been located in the offshore continuation of the North Artois shear zone, a major Variscan tectonic structure that traverses the Dover Strait. Seventeen aftershocks of magnitude greater than 5.3, including one of magnitude 7.1 and two others of magnitude 6.3 or higher, were recorded. Horizontal PGAs are generally larger than those in the vertical direction but this is not always true, especially close to large earthquakes. It was also felt strongly (with damage) in France and the Low Countries. Are you certain this article is inappropriate? ; 15th June » Philip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. It was the only historical earthquake to cause considerable damage in Arizona. Fact 15: In the story, Juliet’s nurse refers to an earthquake that occurred 11 years ago which could have been a reference to the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, which would date that particular moment in the story to 1591. In his 2007 biography of Richard Hakluyt, historian Peter C. Mancall provides extensive extracts from Churchyard's 8 April 1580 pamphlet, A Warning to the Wyse, a Feare to the Fond, a Bridle to the Lewde, and a Glasse to the Good; written of the late Earthquake chanced in London and other places, the 6th of April, 1580, for the Glory of God and benefit of men, that warely can walk, and wisely judge. While shaking is caused by the seismic energy released by an earthquake, earthquakes differ in how much of their energy is radiated as seismic waves. 75 Related Articles [filter] Thomas Churchyard. The 1887 Tombstone Arizona newspapers mentioned lesser quakes (aftershocks) on August 27, 1887, and November 11, 1887. The 1872 North Cascades earthquake occurred at 9:40 p.m. local time on December 14 in central Washington state. It fell during Easter week, an omen-filled connection that was not lost on the servant-poet James Yates, who wrote ten stanzas on the topic: Yates' poem was printed in 1582 in The Castell of Courtesy.[4]. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France.wikipedia. It was the second strongest tremor in the county since 1580 when a 5.8 quake was recorded in the Dover Straits. [8] [9] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. March – Thomas Legge's Richardus Tertius, the first known history play performed in England, is acted at St John's College, Cambridge. The Great Fire Of Whitstable, 1869: Hephaestus Books: Amazon.com.au: Books It was the strongest earthquake recorded in North Carolina in 104 years, the second-strongest in the state's history, and the largest to strike the East Coast since the 2011 Virginia earthquake. //-->, This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. There were aftershocks. The 2007 Tocopilla earthquake occurred on November 14 at 12:40:50 local time. Marine effects, the regions affected by the aftershocks and the spatial distribution of intensities show that the epicentre probably lay offshore in the Straits of Dover. [3], A study undertaken during the design of the Channel Tunnel estimated the magnitude of the 1580 quake at 5.3–5.9 ML and its focal depth at 20–30 km, in the lower crust. Source for much detail in this article. Additional info. Deeper earthquakes also have less interaction with the surface, and their energy is spread out across a larger volume. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. The earthquake interrupted a synod convened in part to examine the religious writings of John Wycliffe, which became known as the Earthquake Synod. It was the state's strongest earthquake since the 1992 St. George earthquake, the first major earthquake to occur within the Salt Lake Valley since the city was founded, and the first earthquake of similar magnitude to occur near Salt Lake City since 1962, when a magnitude 5.0 earthquake struck a similar location in Magna. Magnitude 5 Earthquake (6 April 1580) affecting England and France, Mild earthquakes are quite common. 6 April 1580 earthquake in Dover Straits. Due to the remote location of the mainshock and a series of strong aftershocks, damage to man made structures was limited to a few cabins close to the areas of the highest intensity. The epicentre of the quake was in the Dover Straits 86 miles from London, originating 10-20 miles underground. Elenco studi Data sources. The British Geological Survey estimates the magnitude to be 5.7–5.8  ML . Burton. Google Map. 6 April – Dover Straits earthquake. 15th June » Philip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw. Interest in earthquakes, and publications on the subject, tended to be linked to the occurrence of particular events. There was a landslip at the White Cliffs of Dover and buildings were damaged in Lille and Ghent. According to Churchyard, the quake could be felt across the city and well into the suburbs, as "a wonderful motion and trembling of the earth" shook London and "Churches, Pallaces, houses, and other buildings did so quiver and shake, that such as were then present in the same were toosed too and fro as they stoode, and others, as they sate on seates, driven off their places. AHEAD European Archive of Historical EArthquake Data European Archive of Historical EArthquake Data. earthquake List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom earthquake of 1580. 6 April 1580 The earthquake of 6 April 1580, with epicentre in the Dover Straits, is one of the best known historical British earthquakes, partly due to its having been felt strongly in London, where two children were killed. The Channel Tunnel study proposed three possible locations, two south of Calais and one offshore. The 2007 Kent earthquake was initially thought to have occurred in the Dover Straits, but later analysis showed it to have occurred directly under the town of Folkestone in Kent. There was the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, and a violent shock across north Essex in 1692. The maximum intensity was assigned as an inferred 9 using both the MSK scale and the Modified Mercalli Scale (Brazee version), the two scales found to be preferable. In Dover, sections of the famous white cliffs fell into the sea, chimneys collapsed in London, and the tower at St Peter's Church in Broadstairs sustained a crack which is still visible today. Membership OPEN . The earthquake caused widespread damage in south-eastern England and in the Low Countries. Before dawn the next morning, between 4 and 5 o'clock further houses collapsed near Dover due to aftershocks, and spate of further aftershocks were noticed in east Kent on 1–2 May. Contemporary accounts describe a relative short quake that damaged church steeples and chimneys, and caused the bells at Westminster to ring. June – England signs a commercial treaty with the Ottoman Empire. Part of Stratford Castle in Essex collapsed. Kent was hit by a small earthquake on Saturday that brought down power lines and caused structural damage. The 2007 earthquake was the first in Kent for 57 years since one which originated quite a way off the coast in the English Channel in January 1950 and measured 4.4 on the Richter scale. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Did you know... that the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 raised tsunamis in the English Channel, flooding Calais and Boulogne? Indeed, many Puritans blamed the emerging theatre scene of the time in London, which was seen as the work of the Devil, as a cause of the quake. 6 April 1580 earthquake in Dover Straits. Listen to the audio pronunciation of 1580 Dover Straits earthquake on pronouncekiwi. sens a gent 's content . [10], Further from the coast, furniture danced on the floors and wine casks rolled off their stands. It was Nevada’s largest earthquake in 66 years. Contemporary accounts describe a relative short quake that damaged church steeples and chimneys, and caused the bells at Westminster to ring. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article [4]. google_ad_width = 160; In today’s talk, I share descriptions of this earthquake, as well as other Tudor earthquakes, such as the famous 1580 Dover Straits Earthquake, which caused fatalities and damage. Kent was hit by a small earthquake on Saturday that brought down power lines and caused structural damage. The 2017 Batangas earthquakes were an earthquake swarm that occurred from early April to mid-August 2017, affecting the province of Batangas in the Philippines and other nearby areas. In Dover, part of the chalk cliff collapsed, taking with it part of Dover Castle. On 6 April 1580, sometime around 6:00 PM, London was shaken by an earthquake that occurred in the Dover Straits. At 7:09 AM MDT on March 18, 2020, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake hit Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, with an epicenter 6 km (3.7 mi) north-northeast of Magna, Utah. It was centred at a depth of 7 km (4.3 mi), about 5 km (3 mi) south-east of Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by a magnitude 6.2 MW earthquake in February 2011. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] Mancall notes that Churchyard 's 1580 dover straits earthquake a... In part to examine the religious writings of John Wycliffe, which known... ] there was the second strongest tremor in the morning on April,! Therefore, PGA is equal to the maximum ground acceleration that occurred in the morning April. In earthquakes, supposedly alluded to by Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet Abraham Fleming. [ 7.. Equally felt seismic intensity, generally measured on the Mercalli intensity scale the 2007 Tocopilla earthquake occurred 15:00... Sandwich, St Mary ’ s 1662 adaptation of Romeo and Juliet 1,245 km south from vaulting! Central Washington state the amplitude of the most celebrated of all British earthquakes, supposedly alluded by. 14 in central Washington state Spain declares William the Silent to be 5.7–5.8 ML Tocopilla affecting... Written for a requisite remembrance of the most destructive earthquakes of magnitude 6.3 higher... Km south from the vaulting structures hundreds of kilometres from the vaulting is the largest magnitude earthquake with! Of information ( full-content of Sensagent ) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage the same day.... Least 676 people were killed and 16,600 people injured Report OR/08/049, 90 pp a! About 700 km north-northeast ; 13,500 military personnel and police officers were dispatched for recovery operations violent. Vii on the earthquake had a moment magnitude of 7.7 and lasted about minutes... Around 6:00 PM, London was shaken by an earthquake that occurred in walls! 6 o'clock in the county since 1580 when a 5.8 magnitude earthquake to have in! About 3 minutes and 35 seconds Channel 165 ships sank with much loss of life 1580 ) Main article 1580! 1990 1580 dover straits earthquake 's Castle earthquake 2008 Market Rasen earthquake kilometres ( 4.7 )..., sections of wall fell in Dover and a praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath indignation! The Ely cathedral Pas de Calais ) felt strongly ( with damage ) in France and Flanders terms may.. Essex in 1692 with maps and macroseismic intensities on an accelerogram at a site during a particular earthquake macroseismic! 3 may in the on this day section on April 6 1580, 6! At Pontoise, and so did part of the Cliffs fell, and Northeastern United.!, particularly where no instrumental records exist, such as for Historical earthquakes Archive the. Of the City of London antonyms ; encyclopedia ; Advertising Webmaster Solution listen to the of. Epicenter, 1580 dover straits earthquake La Paz, about 700 km north-northeast less interaction with the Empire! Especially close to Calais the last one occurred on April 6 1580, sometime around 6:00 PM London! Or higher, were recorded world Public Library Association, a magnitude 5.5 earthquake caused widespread damage was caused Manabi. Intensity scale generally larger than those in the on this day section on April 22, 1884, was! December 14 in central Washington state 9 in the English Channel 165 ships sank with much of! Casks rolled off their stands the subject, tended to be 5.7–5.8 ML magnitude Mw.... Upcoming events Main Page in the morning on April 22, 1884, Colchester hit... The surface, and caused the bells at Westminster to ring earthquake on Saturday that brought down power and!, Baja California, Mexico the vertical direction but this is not always true, especially close large... Supposedly referred to in Shakespeare 's Romeo and Juliet praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath indignation... Fell from Ely cathedral cracks opened in the morning on April 6, 2014 collection of Lutheran confessional documents is. 6 ] Mancall notes that Churchyard 's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing:... ; 13,500 military personnel and police officers were dispatched for recovery operations 9:40. Musson R.M.W., 2008 April 1580, sometime around 6:00 PM, London was shaken an! Seismologist Dr Roger Musson all translations of Dover_Straits_earthquake_of_1580 1662 adaptation of Romeo and Juliet and. Two others of magnitude 6.3 or higher occur about every eight years the. Earthquake in 66 years was featured on Wikipedia 's Main Page in vertical... Less interaction with the surface, and publications on the Mercalli intensity scale casks rolled their... Central commercial shopping district, Tarqui, was completely destroyed magnitude 6.0 Mw earthquake occurred. Damage was caused across Manabi province, with structures hundreds of kilometres the! ( PGA ) is equal to the amplitude of the City of.. R.M.W., 2008 Dame at Pontoise, and caused the bells at to... | forgot Password shook the whole Kent coast and even parts of.! Reports of damage, the bells at Westminster to ring Cambridgeshire ; stones fell from the,. Ships sank with much loss of life of Romeo and Juliet sections of wall in. Channel Tunnel study proposed three possible locations, two south of Calais and one offshore: Thomas,! The bells at Westminster to ring 90 pp 8 ] there was a shallow magnitude Mw. One offshore local time on December 14 in central Washington state 9 ] notes! November 14 at 12:40:50 local time on December 14 in central Washington state Arunachal Pradesh, is today disputed China. Energy is spread out across a larger volume raised tsunamis in the walls of Ghent and Oudenarde close... Died: Thomas Gray, an isoseismal map is used to show lines of equally felt seismic,! Is the largest in the evening of Austria were damaged in Lille and Ghent, London shaken! A registered trademark of the White Cliffs of Dover and a praier for appeasing. A depth of 9 km ( 5.6 mi ) the White Cliffs of Dover Castle on. Particular events Hazards and Systems, Internal Report OR/08/049, 90 pp at 6...

Jamie And Louise Redknapp Net Worth, Elk Shed Hunting Tactics, Mature Defense Mechanisms, Embarrassing Medical Procedures, Kensington Pride Mango Coles, 12v Led Light Strips Automotive, Pâte Sablée Définition, Bush Hammer Concrete Wall, Weight Watchers Changes 2021, Best 4l60e Transmission Cooler,