AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. Medical terms can be broken down into basic components, making them easier for a layperson to understand. Benign: Not cancerous. Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. If so, you’re ahead of the game. While building a medical vocabulary and combining and working with word parts, it is important to understand the rules for pluralization. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. Medical terms … Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric ward. DNR: Do not resuscitate, a medical order indicating providers should not perform CPR. Encephal/o: Related to the brain. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. My/o: Related to muscle. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. This medical terminology cheat sheet covers a lot of ground, but there will likely be times when you hear something unfamiliar. 21. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. Gastr/o: Related to the stomach. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. 13. Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” Coccyx comes from the Greek word for “cuckoo” — it resembles a cuckoo’s beak. Sometimes it can feel like medical terminology is a language all of its own. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for clarity. A solid understanding of this language is important for health care professionals and patients alike. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. There are so many specialized medical terms that it can be difficult to understand all the jargon used in the doctor's office or to easily recall these long, difficult words for class. Master today's medical … 42. 18. Medical coding is dependent upon a solid understanding of medical terminology. But unless you’re planning to become a doctor or another type of provider, this condensed lineup should get you up to speed. arthr- + -itis = arthritis, instead of arthr-o-itis). This section contains lists of different root classification (e.g. Here are a few of the most common. In medical terminology, suffixes usually signify a medical condition, surgical procedure, diagnostic term, test information, disease, or part of speech. It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another, Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion, Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word, Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word, of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein, of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. BP: Blood pressure. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. 22. Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. ALS - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5. Doctors aim to foster an environment that generates dialogue. 8. 9. 11. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes&oldid=993765578, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two, Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another, of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix), azothermia: raised temperature due to nitrogenous substances in blood, Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little', of or pertaining to the head (as a whole), applied to describing processes and parts of the body as likened or similar to horns, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, hole, opening, or aperture, particularly in bone, used to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", a hollow or depressed area; a trench or channel, instrument used to record data or picture, denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm), of or pertaining to medicine or a physician (, denotes a field in medicine emphasizing a certain body component, of or pertaining to the abdominal wall, flank, denotes someone who studies a certain field (the field of _____-logy); a specialist; one who treats, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; the study of. The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, "Root Words & Prefixes: Quick Reference. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. 17. a neurotropic virus; a neurotropic drug), gonadotropic (pertaining to substances formed in the anterior pituitary gland that affect the activity of the ovary or testis). 41. Sortable table Abbreviation Meaning ā (a with a bar over it) before (from Latin ante) before: … Malignant: Indicates the presence of cancerous cells. 35. Medical prefixes and suffixes. To be successful and accurate medical coders must have a solid understanding of common medical terms for various reasons which include: Reading and understanding medical dictation Proper code look up … Pulmon/o: Refers to the lungs. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. ASAP - as soon as possible 7. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. 45. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … Acute: Signifies a condition that begins abruptly and is sometimes severe, but the duration is short. 1. You might even know some of them by a different name. Medical Coding. Stasis: Slowing or stopping the flow of a bodily fluid. There are many more medical acronyms and abbreviations than what’s listed below. Poly-: Many. -ology: The study of a particular concentration. See the common root, denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another, denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time), denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important', denotes something as 'first' or 'most important', Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped, falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death), referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy, burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually), of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double-sided", denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness, abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck, of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated across or through, of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure, turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting, geotropic (The directional growth of an organism in response to gravity), of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the, having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:02. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. Medical terminology is the language of healthcare. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. The charts providers use for making notes are often filled with these terms. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Retro-: Behind or backward. 47. Dictionary, MEDictionary, Medical Dictionary, Popular Medical Terms, health Dictionary,doctor, doctorndtv,ndtvdoctor,indian health site,indian medical site 7. 49. Constructed words are easy to deconstruct and easier to learn as each part has a meaning. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. Abscess: A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection. 24. Roots. -itis: Signifies inflammation. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. 32. pertaining to conditions or instruments of the, millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness, of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe), of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum, of or relating to chemical properties of the. C - centigrade, celsius 9. Chronic: Signifies a recurring, persistent condition like heart disease. 29. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. Having thoughtful conversations with your physician is about more than just gaining knowledge. 27. Some evidence shows the most engaged patients tend to have better outcomes. 46. Healthcare providers use medical terminology to describe body parts, diseases, procedures, equipment, and more. Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. 5. Medical terminology is derived from Latin and Greek and serves as a universal language in the health care arena. arthr- + -o- + -logy = arthrology), but generally, the -o- is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem (e.g. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. 1. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; lab or other test results; or in your doctor's notes. Any time you listen to an expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language. 48. Jennifer L. Dorsey, PhD has coauthored, revised, and ghostwritten books in the medical, business, and personal growth categories for more than 20 years. Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. 26. 17. ADM - admission, admitted 4. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Use this list to get you started. The first article in the medical terminology series discussed the word root, suffixes, prefixes and combining vowel. You’d be wise to start looking. 43. AA - amino acid 2. This article covers 11 rules for changing singular terms to plural terms. 16. of or relating to the part of the trunk between the lowest ribs and the pelvis. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. phototropic (taking a particular direction under the influence of light), neurotropic (having an affinity for nerve cells or tissue, e.g. 2. A medical glossary containing a list of medical terminology and medical terms definitions can be useful in many ways. Some suffixes also … ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. 39. Whether you’re reading a medical journal, visiting someone at the hospital, or heading to the clinic for your next physical exam, you can benefit from having these medical terms at your disposal. If you’re an athletic person, for example, you probably know cardiovascular exercise is any activity that gets your heart rate pumping. There are a few general rules about how they combine. 14 Flu FAQs Answered, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Science (MD/MSC) ›, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Public Health (MD/MPH) ›. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … Hemat/o: Pertaining to blood. 19. As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots (e.g. Cf. Pseudo-: False or deceptive, usually in regards to appearance. denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences. 50. Oste/o: Related to bone. 20. Patient education is a huge part of a physician’s job. Learn how you can find the right MD by reading our article “How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician.”, 50 Must-Know Medical Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms, How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician, Medical Show Myths: 7 Things TV Doctors Always Get Wrong, Health Care Technology: How Medical Providers are Embracing Tech, 75 Top-Notch Medical Blogs Every Health Care Pro Should Know, How Long Does the Flu Last? In fact, engaging with your doctor could result in a healthier life. HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “good” cholesterol. 15. 10. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. 12. -plasty: Surgical repair. -lysis: Decomposition, destruction, or breaking down. 33. Rx: Prescription, usually for medication but can also signify another treatment. While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary is a notable exception. Perhaps you’re aware of what it means for a condition to be chronic or for a tumor to be benign. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. body components, quantity, description, etc.). CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Fracture: Broken bone or cartilage. MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for MedicineNet.com. 40. This is especially important when it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician. 16. 4. PT: Physical therapy, a type of treatment to help patients move and feel better. Inpatient: A patient who requires hospitalization. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. 14. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'; "all", of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast), denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). A-, an-: Lack of or without. Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary. Contusion: A bruise. Hypertension: High blood pressure. 1. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. Suffixes. 28. Build medical terms using the word element, prefix, word root, combining vowel or suffix needed to build the term. 18. Inflammation of the liver Elements WR: S: 2. 30. 23. 25. 34. 44. Stat: Immediately. You’re your own best advocate. generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. C/O - complains of, care of 11. Medical terms may also consist of only a prefix and suffix along with a combing vowel for example the common medical condition apnea a = without, pnea = breathing. A&W - alive and well 8. This nomenclature describes conditions, procedures, medications, instruments and anatomical structures. 38. 6. 37. Remember: myo (muscle) is … Medical terms always have at least word root. OR: Operating room where surgeries are performed. For instance, you can refer to it for common medical terms that your physician may have used at an appointment you had with him/her, which you may not have understood fully. But what if you don’t have a doctor you see regularly? Intravenous: Indicates medication or fluid that’s delivered by vein. BMI: Body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight.